Climate-Adaptation is the ability to help cope with extreme weather events, water availability, the security of food supply, and sea-level encroachment in certain areas.
With the changing climate it will require adaptation actions to ensure the safety of populations, the security of assets, including ecosystems and their services globally.
Some Climate-Adaptation actions are to use low or zero-emission power generation such as renewables to change food systems (ex:diet changes) with moving away from land-intensive animal products, and the use of electric-powered transport.
More actions will be needed such as developing green infrastructures as with the building of green roofs,( these are roofs of a building which are partially or entirely covered with vegetation), by improving energy efficiency with smart urban planning which will change the layout of many cities, and by also having farmers developing crop varieties that will have greater drought tolerance and by them raising heat tolerant livestock.
Climate-Adaptation actions like using flood barriers, construction of levees and flood walls, and even changing entire coastlines to minimize rising sea level risks will be needed. Though, some concerns are that hardening the shoreline with structures could cause more problems than be useful, that is why, in certain areas moving people and infrastructures because of rising sea levels and erosion will be necessary.
Restoration coastal projects can preserve and restore land to its original undeveloped state such as wetlands, dunes, sea grass beds, and oyster reefs. They can also help in buffering against storm surges, getting rid of carbon and pollutants, protecting coastal homes and businesses, and creating a natural habitat for fish species. Coastal restoration projects can also help in restoring tourism and the culture of coastal communities.
Making buildings more resilient to storms, flooding and fire is another Climate-Adaptation action that can be taken. According to Environment Global Facility, climate change will affect many different countries, but some will feel the impacts more than others. To address the needs of the poor and vulnerable, adaptation measures will urgently have to be taken, and any development gains that were made will have to be safeguarded.
For Climate-Adaptation, resilience steps needs to have the cooperation of governments, local state and federal agencies, the private sector, and organizations, this will be needed to promote adaptation. Adequate information on risks and vulnerabilities, identifying needs and adaptation options to reduce risks and to build capacity, and also ensuring the resilience of built environment systems are resilience steps that are required.
Protecting our essential infrastructure systems such as our water, energy supply and transportation etc:, will need planning and assurance that these systems are resistant to hazards and quickly resilient when disruptions occur.
Healthy systems which are resilient means they are able to withstand disruptions, shocks, stressors, and are significant in gaining environmental benefits with also serving as a base for economic and human development.
For more see Climate Nasa,